```
;; John could either be a giraffe or a person.
(define categories (list 'giraffe 'person))
;; It is extremely unlikely that John is actually a giraffe.
(define (categories-prior) (multinomial categories '(0.001 0.999)))
;; The speaker could either say "John is a giraffe" or "John is a person."
(define utterances (list 'giraffe 'person))
;; The utterances are equally costly.
(define (utterance-prior) (multinomial utterances '(0.1 0.1)))
;; The only feature being considered is height
(define heights (list 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300))
(define height-prior
(list
(list 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.05 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.5)
(list 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.05 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01)
))
;; Speaker's possible goals are to communicate whether John is tall or his actual height
(define goals (list 'tall? 'height?))
(define threshold 180)
;; Prior probability of speaker's goal is set to uniform but can
;; change with context/QUD.
(define (goal-prior) (uniform-draw goals))
;; Speaker optimality parameter
(define alpha 1)
;; Sample John's height given that he is a member of category
(define (sample-height category prior all-categories)
(if (equal? category (first all-categories))
(multinomial heights (first prior))
(sample-height category (rest prior) (rest all-categories))))
;; Check if interpreted categroy is identical to utterance
(define (literal-interpretation utterance category)
(equal? utterance category))
;; Check if goal is satisfied
(define (goal-satisfied? goal listener-category-height speaker-category-height)
(case goal
(('category?) (equal? (first listener-category-height) (first speaker-category-height)))
(('tall?) (equal? (> (second listener-category-height) threshold)
(> (second speaker-category-height) threshold)))
(('height?) (equal? (second listener-category-height) (second speaker-category-height)))
))
;; Speaker model
(define speaker
(mem
(lambda (category height goal depth)
(enumeration-query
(define utterance (utterance-prior))
utterance
(goal-satisfied? goal
(apply multinomial (listener utterance depth))
(list category height))))))
;; Listener model
(define listener
(mem
(lambda (utterance depth)
(enumeration-query
(define category (categories-prior))
(define height (sample-height category height-prior categories))
(define speaker-goal (goal-prior))
(list category height)
(if (equal? depth 0)
(literal-interpretation utterance category)
(equal? utterance
(apply multinomial
(raise-to-power (speaker category height speaker-goal (- depth 1))
alpha))))))))
(define (raise-to-power speaker-dist alpha)
(list (first speaker-dist)
(map (lambda (x) (pow x alpha)) (second speaker-dist))))
;; Recursive depth
(define depth 1)
(define (sample-one utterance)
(listener utterance depth))
(barplot (sample-one 'giraffe))
```